There is no law that says how old you must be before you can go to the doctor alone. But if you do go alone, your doctor will only give you treatment if they are sure that you are able to understand any medical advice and information they give you during the appointment.
If you want to go to the doctor without your parent or guardian, it might be a good idea to call in advance to check that the doctor is happy to see you and that he or she will keep the appointment private.
If you are 16 or older you can consent to medical treatment on your own.
If you are under 16, you might be able to consent without your parent’s permission depending on what kind of medical treatment you need, and whether your doctor thinks you fully understand what is involved. Two doctors need to agree before you can give consent.
When the doctors decide whether to give you medical treatment, they will consider:
- your age and maturity;
- the seriousness of the treatment;
- whether you understand why the treatment is needed, what it involves, and things that might go wrong (like side-effects from drugs, or other complications); and
- your ability to appreciate the wider consequences of your decision (like the effect of that decision on others including your family, moral issues, and emotional long-term impact).
You will be able to consent if, after considering these points both doctors think:
- you understand the advantages and risks of the treatment, and
- overall, the treatment is good for your health and wellbeing.
If you are having problems at home, your doctor is someone you can talk to and trust. Remember, you will never be forced to return to a violent or abusive home.
Your doctor is usually not allowed to tell your parents that you visited the doctors or anything that was talked about during your visit. This is called confidentiality.
If you are worried about your appointment being kept confidential (between just you and the doctor) you should check with your doctor before or at the beginning of the appointment.
But, in certain situations where your doctor is worried about the health and safety of you or others, they may be legally required to tell another person or a government authority.
For example, if:
- you have an infectious disease (like malaria, cholera, syphilis, chlamydia or HIV/AIDS), your doctor must notify the Chief Public Health Officer;
- your doctor thinks you are being physically, sexually or emotionally abused, they must notify the Department for Families and Communities who may take action to investigate;
- your doctor thinks you might hurt yourself or someone else, they may warn that person, your parent or carer, or another authority.
There is no age limit preventing you from buying contraception like condoms or spermicides at a pharmacy, or from getting medical advice about contraception without parental consent.
But certain medical contraceptives, such as the pill, require a prescription that you can only get from a doctor. This is because some medication may not be safe for everyone to take, and a doctor must first explain how to use the medication safely, and whether you need to avoid other drugs or alcohol while taking it.
If you are 16 or older you will usually be given a prescription for the pill as long as it is safe for you to take.
If you are under 16, two doctors must be satisfied that you understand their advice and that it is in your ‘best interests’ to receive a prescription without parental consent. When something is in your best interests, it means that overall it is good for your health and wellbeing.
The doctors may follow written guidelines when making this decision. These guidelines include considering things like whether:
- you understand the information and advice the doctor is giving you;
- the doctor thinks your parents should be involved;
- you are likely to have sex even if you don’t have contraceptives;
- your physical or mental health are likely to suffer without contraception.
Your doctor may ask you to consider talking to your parents about contraception, if you haven’t already. If you don’t want your parent or carer involved, make this clear the doctor before you tell them what’s going on.
In the end, it is up to your doctor whether to give you a prescription for medical contraceptives.
Also, if you’re pregnant, or you think you might be, please have a read through our page on pregnancy.
Can I get my own Medicare card?
To get a Medicare card you must be enrolled in Medicare. If you are listed on your parent’s Medicare card, then this means you are eligible and already enrolled in Medicare. If you are not listed on your parent’s Medicare card, you need to apply for your own card. You can do this if you are over 15 years old by going to http://www.humanservices.gov.au/customer/services/medicare/medicare-card.
If you are younger than 15, you might still be able to have a card of your own, but remain listed on your parent’s card as well. This card is called a ‘duplicate’ card, because it is a copy of your parent’s card. A duplicate card can be useful if you live away from home, for example if you attend boarding school or live with other relatives. You should discuss this with your parent or guardian as they will need to sign the application form for your own card if you are under 15.
Will my parents have access to my Medicare records?If your name is on your parent’s Medicare card or you have a duplicate card, they will usually have access to your Medicare records. If you are 14 or older, Medicare will not give information about your medical treatment to your parents without your consent, but your parents may still be able to see that you have visited a doctor. This is because the information will be listed if your parents apply for a Medicare Tax Benefit Statement but bulk bill and in-hospital claims will not be included in the Tax Benefit Statement.
If you have your own Medicare Card (not a duplicate), then your parents will not have access to any of your Medicare records.
If you have a question about going to the doctor or your health that we haven’t answered here, please send us a Lawmail!
This page was last updated on the 12 August 2015.
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