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Road rules

This page contains answers to the most common questions young people ask us about road rules.  It is not a full list of road rules!   If you’re under 18 and have a specific question about something not listed here, please send us a Lawmail.  

Yes. You have to wear a seat belt in a car as both a driver and a passenger. If you’re driving without a seatbelt, you can be fined $311 and will lose 3 demerit points!  If you’re carrying a passenger without a seatbelt, you can be fined about $300 for each passenger without a seatbelt! If you’re over 16 and you’re a passenger in a car and you’re not wearing a seatbelt, you can be fined $311! 


Yes. All motorcycle riders and passengers have to wear approved motorcycle helmets. There are no exceptions.  If you’re driving without a helmet, you can be fined $311 and lose 3 demerit points. If you’re a passenger, you can also be fined $311!


You can do lane filtering only if you have your unrestricted motorbike licence, you’re travelling less than 30km/h, it’s not a school zone and it’s safe for you to do so.   For more information on lane filtering, visit:

For more information on staying safe on motorcycles,


Yes. All cyclists and passengers on bikes have to wear helmets. You can be fined $69 for not wearing a helmet. 

You can only ride your bike on a footpath if you are under 12 years old or you’re supervising a child who is under 12 years old. 

For more information on staying safe on a bicycle in New South Wales, check out this page:

Skateboards, rollerblades, roller-skates

No, you don’t have to wear a helmet if you’re on a skateboard, rollerblades or rollerskates, but it’s still a good idea.

There are also some other laws about riding skateboards, rollerblades and roller skates. Here are some:
  • you must keep to the left of a footpath or shared path unless it is impractical to do so;
  • you must give way to pedestrians; and
  • you must not do it on a road or on a road which has speed limits over 50 kilometres per hour

No. If you’re on your P1s or your Ls, you can’t use your phone at all while driving, even if it’s on hands-free or you’re just touching it to change the music.   If you’re caught, you could be fined $311.

If you’re on your P2’s or full licence, you can only use your phone while not parked if it’s mounted in a special holder, if it’s in a place where you don’t need to touch it to use it.

You can also check out this video on mobile phones in New South Wales:




Yes. Speeding is always against the law. If you’re caught speeding, you could lose your licence on the spot, depending on how fast you were going.  

If you’re on your P or L licence, there are special speeding laws that apply to you.  Please check out our Licences page for more information.


Number plates

When you’re driving a car or motorbike, your number plates must always be visible.  If they’re not visible or you don’t have them, you can be fined between $415 and $623!


For more info on road rules

Check out the NSW Government’s web site:


This page was last updated on 13 January 2015.

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